Education 3504/ Evaluation of Learning/Dr. David SlompMichael Quiambao, Sarah Balaberda,Michele Beaulieu, Rory Hayes, Jessica Pariseau

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1. What is a Kinesthetic Learner:
Kinesthetic learners according to the Government of Alberta, Education, 2010 :

"like to have opportunities to move around, trace and outline, act out concepts and stories, make models or do experiments, write or draw listening, walk while talking, imagine themselves in the situation, examine and manipulate material".

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1.1 Characteristics of Kinesthetic Learners:

  • learn by doing hands on activities
  • like to work in groups to solve problems
  • actively explore their surrounding learning environment
  • learn best through touching, feeling and experiencing that which they are trying to learn
  • Prefer role plays, simulations, and hands on activities
  • learn by using their bodies through rhythm and movement



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2. Importance of Incorporating Kinesthetic Learning:


There are benefits for incorporating Kinesthetic learning techniques for both Kinesthetic and non-Kinesthetic learners. Below is a study that saw a 70% increase in learning when Kinesthetic learning strategies were put into place.

http://0-search.ebscohost.com.darius.uleth.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tfh&AN=31195714&site=ehost-live&scope=

2.1. For Kinesthetic Learners:


Kinesthetic learners must be actively doing something to be successful when learning. Students who are kinesthetic learners usually have a difficult time learning during sedentary lectures because the body does not make a connection that they are doing something just when listening. For kinesthetic learners to remember information they need to be up and moving constantly.
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Strengths of Kinesthetic Learners:
  • Great hand eye coordination
  • Excellent motor memory
  • Excellent experimenters
  • High levels of energy
  • Performs well
  • Quick reactions
  • Good at sports






2.2. Non Kinesthetic Learners:


There are three types of learning: Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic. Visual learners tend to be more successful when they can see the learning tools. Examples of these are: graphs, charts, pictures, media etc. They remember things best by seeing written notes or handouts.

With auditory learners, they tend to be more successful when they can listen to what is being taught. They prefer: lectures, reading aloud, videos and discussions.

These types of learners can still benefit from Kinesthetic learning techniques because:
  • Learning can be more deeply rooted since there is a physical presence involved
  • It can create mental representations for the learners
  • It can be a memorable experience for any type of learning style
  • Can actively involve all students and keeps them engaged in their learning experiencePhoto 11.jpg




















3. How to incorporate Kinesthetic learning into the classroom:


The following are examples of implementing Kinesthetic learning into a variety of subjects. One must remember these are only specific examples to help guide you in implementing Kinesthetic learning which is limitless to your creativity.

3.1. Into Math:


Watch 50 seconds to 2 minutes 22 seconds

This video shows how an example of how Kinesthetic learning can be used at the University level.
Other ways Kinesthetic learning can be used in Math include:
  • Using blocks for counting, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • Using the smart board for interactive Math games
  • Using high school students distance from the board to teach a lesson on limits
  • Having grade 2 students to decide between two choices by standing on opposite sides of the room to shows how charts work.
  • The following is an example of a math lesson plan for Kinesthetic learners:
http://teachingtoday.glencoe.com/lessonplans/exploring-altitudes-in-math


3.2. Into English:


Kinesthetic learning can be used in English class. Methods include:
  • Comprehension Process Motions (CPM) method for teaching young readers. Uses kinesthetic hand movements that signal understanding
  • Acting out scenes that have just been read. For example Shakespeare
  • Role playing real life situations
  • Toss a ball at a student and ask them how to spell a wordiStock_000006456892XSmall.jpeg

3.3. into Social Studies:


Kinesthetic learning can also be found in social studies. Popular methods include :
  • Scripting historical events
  • Dancing to have deeper feeling of culture, for example the Hawaiian Hula, and Native dances
  • Drama, giving the students the ability to freely question, pretend, and imagine historical context.
  • Creating real life simulation
  • The following is an example of a lesson plan in European history that targets kinesthetic learners:
http://teachingtoday.glencoe.com/lessonplans/pieces-of-the-puzzle-countries-of-europe

3.4. into Science:


Watch 1 minute 8 seconds to 2 minutes 14 seconds


This video shows an example of how Kinesthetic Learning can be used at the Elementary level.

Kinesthetic learning in science may include:
  • Using the Smart Board
  • Bringing in animals to feel
  • Gathering soil,leaves, and branches from outside
  • Creating a dance to remember anatomy




4. How to assess Kinesthetic Learners:


It is important to make sure that the student can effectively use the information they have learned. As a kinesthetic learner it is crucial to their success that the teacher uses a variety of formats to test the student. The students can re-word the notes that they have already written, include pictures and photographs to support their notes, have the student act out their notes, and discuss in small groups what they have just learned. It is important to recognize kinesthetic learners as individual learning styles as they are often labelled "underachievers" and do not fulfill their full potential. This is due to the lack of assessment for their specific learning style and in order for them to achieve excellence they have to be tested in a specific way that meets their learning needs.


4.1. Techniques and Strategies:

  • Field trips
  • Stretch throughout class if the students become restless
  • Snowball discussions
  • Use molding clayhands_on_learning3.jpg
  • Drawing, underlying and highlighting readings as they go
  • Flash cards
  • Role playing
  • Presentations
  • Learning style centers
  • Allow students to stand at the back of the classroom during a lesson
  • Allows small pillows for students to tap on quietly during a lesson
  • Provide practice time
  • Group work
  • Paired reading
  • Projects
  • Throw a ball around the room while answering questions or discussing topics.
  • Have students perform tasks like filling out a worksheet or taking notes, this will help them focus by simply just moving their hand.
  • Allow students to write on whiteboard or hand out assignments during class.
  • Keep lecture time short, be thoughtful of all learners when planning a lesson.



4.2. Examples:

  • Use physical styles such as acting out, can allow the student to SHOW the teacher what they have learned.
  • Have the student role play the information that they have just learned.
  • Drawing and writing are examples of kinesthetic learning as the student is being active. Don't neglect these activities, these activities are a great demonstration of what information the student has retained.
  • Learning centre's are an example of assessing kinesthetic learners. Movement and variety allow the student to incorporate their learning style while also allowing the teacher to assess the students learning.

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4.3. Lesson Plans:

Below are a few sample lesson plans that should help you get started with incorporating kinesthetic learners!

Math:
Grade K-2: Addition
Grade 3-5: Multiplication
Grade 9-12: Using Formulas

English:
Grade 7- 9: Writing an Argument
Grade 6-8: Comprehension
Grade K-2: Alphabet

Science
Grade 6-8: Chemical and Physical Changes
Grade 6-8: Photosynthesis
Grade 9-12: Circular Motion

Social:
Grade 9-12: French Revolution
Grade 9-12: World War One
Grade 3-5: Slavery




5. References:

1) http://suite101.com/article/kinesthetic-learning-style-a162063
2) http://www.ehow.com/how_6914515_teach-english-kinesthetic-learners.html
3) http://www2.education.ualberta.ca/css/css_35_4/arsocstud_through_arts.htm
4) http://www.ehow.com/info_7924284_middle-kinesthetic-learning-activities-math.html
5) http://www.education.com/magazine/article//
6) http://www.google.ca/url?sa=t&rct=j&q&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CC8QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.macrothink.org%2Fjournal%2Findex.php%2Fjse%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F1007%2F1066&ei=ZV5jUIq4I-WUjAKB-oG4DQ&usg=AFQjCNFrViJiGTfB5yHaeXvF-pin8iW2Uw
7)http://www.classroom-management-success.org/different-learning-styles.html
8) http://www.dirjournal.com/guides/why-kinesthetic-learning-really-works-in-classrooms-today/
9) http://0-search.ebscohost.com.darius.uleth.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tfh&AN=31195714&site=ehost-live&scope=site
10) http://teachingtoday.glencoe.com/